Monday, October 11, 2010
Last week, I got to return to the Plains. The little drip necessitated my being by myself in a car for at least 14 hours. I actually got to think a bit. The topics changed, but every train of thought seemed to come back to the same question: what the heck are we doing?
On the political front, I saw dozens of commercials in two states. Ninety percent took the same tone. My opponent is out of touch with residents and therefore evil. I guess it's no longer possible to disagree agreeably.
According to a Slate article, classrooms need to change for the 21st Century. the contrarian in me forced me to think about he minimal tools I would need to get the job done. It turns out that I could live with 19th and 20th Century tools.
Students would need to bring paper and writing tools. I would need some sort of chalkboard. Whiteboards are nice, but each board basically is place to write notes so that students can copy them. I think I could teach all the classes I need to with with the following literature.
A Doll House
Ken Burns The Civil War mini-series
Some random collections of Superman, Spider-Man, and The Avengers.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
The Big Sleep
The Complete Flannery O'Connor
The Complete Robert Frost
The Killer Angels
I believe these works have relevance and would allow for great discussion and writing assignments. The classroom doesn't have to be high tech. It has to have tools that teachers and students can use.
Monday, September 13, 2010
The larger cause of failure is almost unmentionable: shrunken student motivation. Students, after all, have to do the work. If they aren't motivated, even capable teachers may fail.
Motivation comes from many sources: curiosity and ambition; parental expectations; the desire to get into a "good" college; inspiring or intimidating teachers; peer pressure. The unstated assumption of much school "reform" is that if students aren't motivated, it's mainly the fault of schools and teachers. The reality is that, as high schools have become more inclusive (in 1950, 40 percent of 17-year-olds had dropped out, compared with about 25 percent today) and adolescent culture has strengthened, the authority of teachers and schools has eroded. That applies more to high schools than to elementary schools, helping explain why early achievement gains evaporate.Samuelson's conclusion is spot on.
Against these realities, school "reform" rhetoric is blissfully evasive. It is often an exercise in extravagant expectations. Even if George W. Bush's No Child Left Behind program had been phenomenally successful (it wasn't), many thousands of children would have been left behind. Now Duncan routinely urges "a great teacher" in every classroom. That would be about 3.7 million "great" teachers -- a feat akin to having every college football team composed of all-Americans. With this sort of intellectual rigor, what school "reform" promises is more disillusion.The problems facing education are structural. All parties share blame; it's good to see someone finally including students in the equation.
Thursday, September 2, 2010
This Bloomberg article can hardly be accused of burying the lede.
The sectors of the economy that traditionally drive it into recession are already so depressed it’s difficult to see them getting a lot worse, said Ethan Harris, head of developed markets economics research at BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research in New York. Inventories are near record lows in proportion to sales, residential construction is less than half the level of the housing boom and vehicle sales are more than 40 percent below five years ago.
I suppose I should find this reassuring. My wife and I have jobs; we’re not out on the streets, and the kids are in college. We’re getting by, and if things don’t get worse, we should continue to get by.
On the other hand, Ethan Harris has never met my mother. When, as a young plainsman, I would complain about a person or situation, Momma Plainsperson would tell me “there’s nothing so bad that there can’t be something worse.” I complained about school lunch; my mother told me “there’s nothing so bad that there can’t be something worse.” She was right. The head cook who replaced the one I complained about produced thinner gruel and drier bread crusts than her predecessor. When I complained about my first boss, my mother told me “there’s no one so bad that there can’t be someone worse.” She was right. I’ve had several who were far worse including one who said “ideals” when he meant “ideas.” I believe he made this mistake because he had very few of either.
I really can’t think of a time when my mother’s injunction has been wrong. Bad situations have invariably gotten worse Mom may not have economic charts and graphs on her side, but her track record has me convinced that I should worry a little more than Ethan Harris suggests.
Tuesday, August 31, 2010
I have thought a lot about why people get so hostile online, and I have come to believe it is primarily because we live in a society with a hypertrophied sense of justice and an atrophied sense of humility and charity, to put the matter in terms of the classic virtues.
Late modernity’s sense of itself is built upon achievements in justice. This is especially true of Americans. When we look back over the past century, what do we take pride in? Suffrage for women, the defeat of fascism, Brown vs. Board of Education, civil rights and especially voting rights for African-Americans. If you’re on one side of the political spectrum, you might add the demise of the Soviet empire; if you’re on the other side, you might add the expansion of rights for gays and lesbians. (Or you might add both.) The key point is that all of these are achievements in justice.
Sunday, August 29, 2010
1. I just watched Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and American Federation of Teachers president Randi Weingarten ABC's This Week. I was underwhelmed. It seems as if both believe that business model or some sort of data driven factory model will serve education. Weingarten contends that teachers need to learn who to make teaching a science. Since NCLB began, schools have been inundated with demands to become more scientific. Education has not improved under the scientific regime. Maybe it's time to stop looking at education as a science and to start treating it like a craft. If policymakers changed their view, education might be able to adapt some guild model instead of a factory model.
2. I had a good blogging routine going, but I really had trouble making regular posts when I couldn't maintain the routine for whatever reason. It got me thinking about how much of my life is based on routine. That musing got me thinking about how much of my life might be a rut. I stopped before I got too depressed.
3. I've been trying to cut back on the spending lately. Walmart had Diet Dew, my version of Olympian gods nectar, on sale for a dollar for a 2-liter. As I walked around the store, I noticed the local store featuring more generic versions of popular products. That non-scientific observation got me wondering whether the corporation's economists are anticipating another economic downturn or if the local economy is far worse than I thought.
4. It's getting more and more difficult to try to find common ground with students. I played "The Cave" from Mumford and Sons Sigh No More album because it has allusions to The Odyssey. The band has a video on VH1's Top 20 Video Countdown, so I thought students might at least be a tad bit interested, but the class seemed underwhelmed. It seems as if students find a comfortable niche and refuse to look beyond it. That fact would be fine if confined to music, food choices, or which sports of follow, but it seems to apply to any form of civic engagement or cultural literacy.
5. In a similar vein, I had seven sophomores read this CNN opinion piece about a comic book featuring Islamic superheroes. At least five of them asked me to define mosque. Every mainstream news outlet, Channel 1, and late night talk show have covered the ongoing controversy about the mosque near the World Trade Center, but they seem oblivious. Not only is no place like home; apparently, there's no place but home.
Sunday, August 22, 2010
I would like to think of myself as a minimalist, but I have a bit of survivalist streak that I think comes from reading The Road and The Odyssey. Of course, I could be an inveterate pack rat.
Last summer I rewarded myself with a Saddleback Leather briefcase. (Anyone who has not taught a foreign language in the past 15 years and then tries to teach a full year class in four weeks over the summer deserves a huge reward.)
The bag has four small inner pockets. I put assorted pens in one, assorted small tools like a tape measure in the second. Another has 3x5 cards and a packet of Starbucks instant coffee; the final pocket holds my cell phone. I usually have a timer clipped to one these pockets. The bag has two small outer pockets. I stick a glasses case in one of them. The case holds some clip-on sunglasses and a lens cloth. Bifocals are a bitch.
I use a small portable hard drive case to hold my mp3 player, head phones, and any SD cards or spare thumb/USB drives I might have. I modified a usb case into a small survival case. It holds a Leatherman Micra, a Leatherman P4, duct tape, matches, a small flashlight, needles, thread, and safety pins. I bought a corduroy pencil pouch with 3 zippered compartments. I put aspirin, Advil, antacid, gum, lip balm, and other incidentals in one. I put pencils, highlighters, and a pencil sharpener in another. The third compartment holds assorted cables and chargers. Finally, I have small surge protecter with three regular outlets and two USB ports.
All of this gear goes in the bag's front partition along with a book or graphic novel. I also carry a Levenger Circa Junior notebook. The back inner partition holds work related material. The back outer pocket holds assorted files or magazines or another graphic novel. I clip an umbrella to one of the extra D rings.
I don't carry a laptop. I use the phone to surf the web and keep track of tweets. I have a computer and work and home,and I can't type well enough to flow a debate round, so the laptop seems to be extra weight.
I feel as if I have too much stuff, although I can honestly say that I've used nearly every item during the past year. What is essential in a teacher's laptop bag/briefcase/satchel/backpack? Am I missing any cool geek gear?
Thursday, August 19, 2010
Sunday, August 15, 2010
The NYT reports that German officials believe that "they handled the financial crisis and the painful recession that followed it far better than the United States. . . ." I'll leave that claim for pundits to sort out in the short term and for historians to sort out in the long term.
The German response differed from the rest of Europe's and the United States' response in several ways, One major difference is that during the crisis Germany vastly expanded "a program paying to keep workers employed, rather than dealing with them once they lost their jobs . . . ."
So, instead of paying money for people to have a job that consists of looking for work, spend the money to help people remain productive. The idea of keeping people working instead of paying them to look for work makes a lot of sense especially with the pernicious effects of long term unemployment.
The March 2010 Atlantic Monthly asserts "[a]ll available evidence suggests that long bouts of unemployment—particularly male unemployment—. . . enfeeble the jobless and warp their families . . . ." More disturbingly, the same article reports that "among teenagers, . . ., even the narrowest measure of unemployment stood at roughly 27 percent." The article concludes that if unemployment continues at its current rates, "it is likely to warp our politics, our culture, and the character of our society for years."
Further, CNNMoney.com reports "worker productivity fell 0.9% in the second quarter." That drop is "the first decline in eighteen months." The article contends that the drop "may be a sign that employees have finally gotten to the point where they are simply stretched too thin."
So far government stimulus money seems to have helped executives get big bonuses; it has produces frazzled workers who are happy to have jobs and fearful of losing them, and put a generation of young workers at risk. Given the political climate, it seems unlikely that additional stimulus money will be appropriated.
American leaders had one chance to respond to the economic disaster properly. It seems they preferred to look backward and take care of their corporate paymasters instead of using common sense.
Friday, August 13, 2010
Madville Times: Daugaard Perpetuates SD Teacher-Pay/Cost-of-Living Myth: Myth, Dennis. Myth, myth, myth.My enthusiasm rose. The word myth is repeated 5 times. I love myths. I teach mythology. I use this handout for my class; it asserts "in general, myths are metaphorically and symbolically true, but factually and literally false." Myths are great adventure stories with symbolic meaning.
Unfortunately, I didn't get to read an analysis of a modern Heracles destroying a symbolic hydra. I didn't even get to read an analysis of Thor kicking the dwarf Lit into the fire of Baldur's funeral pyre. Instead, the article is about Dennis Daugaard justifying teachers' low salaries by claiming that South Dakota's cost of living is low, so it all balances out. The Madville Times debunks the claim here.
I want to cling to the idea that myths have symbolic truth. In this situation, there's little symbolism to examine. Either low coast of living makes up for low pay or it doesn't. The stats say it doesn't. Therefore, this claim isn't really a myth.
Daugaard's claim is propaganda. According to Merriam-Webster.com, propaganda "is the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person."
Daugaard is obviously spreading the information or in this case misinformation to help his cause of being elected. He's been part of the current administration and it serves his cause to have people believe that South Dakota has a low cost of living and, therefore, wage earners need less to have a comfortable existence. If voters are comfortable or believe they are comfortable, the incumbents have a far better chance of holding power.
Less charitably, Daugaard may intend to injure teachers. Teachers as a group probably lean Democrat. They constantly remind the Republicans that South Dakota is last in teacher pay, but the idea that a low cost of living makes up for the low pay allows workers in other occupations to view teachers as whiners and complainers who have three months off with pay.
The great myths showed flawed people doing awesome deeds and experiencing heart-wrenching failures. The deeds and failures reveal a little truth about the human condition. Daugaard's claim doesn't fulfill those criteria; it's merely self-serving propaganda
Thursday, August 12, 2010
Marion Brady, guest blogging at the Washington Post's Answer Sheet, puts a canine spin on using strengths. Brady observes that "among the people for whom herding sheep is serious business, there is general agreement that Border Collies are better at doing what needs to be done than any other dog. They have ‘the knack.’" Lest he be accused of being a "breedist" or whatever the PC term would be for unjustly favoring one breed over the other, Brady points out "[i]f you’re lost in a snowstorm in the Alps, you don’t need a Border Collie. You need a big, strong dog with a really good nose, lots of fur, wide feet that don’t sink too deeply into snow, and an unerring sense of direction for returning with help. You need a Saint Bernard." He also points out that the Fox Terrier is great at protecting chicken coops.
Brady concludes, "It isn’t that many different breeds can’t be taught to herd, lead high-altitude rescue efforts, or kill foxes. They can. It’s just that teaching all dogs to do things which one particular breed can do better than any other doesn’t make much sense."
Brady continues the analogy to condemn NCLB.
. . . . If that fact makes you optimistic about the future of education in America, think again about dogs.
There are all kinds of things they can do besides herd, rescue, and engage foxes. They can sniff luggage for bombs. Chase felons. Stand guard duty. Retrieve downed game birds. Guide the blind. Detect certain diseases. Locate earthquake survivors. Entertain audiences. Play nice with little kids. Go for help if Little Nell falls down a well.
So, with No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top as models, let’s set performance standards for these and all other canine capabilities and train all dogs to meet them. All 400 breeds. All skills. Leave No Dog Behind!
Two-hundred-pound Mastiffs may have a little trouble with the chase-the-fox-down-the-hole standard, and Chihuahuas will probably have difficulty with the tackle-the-felon-and-pin-him-to-the-ground standard. But, hey, no excuses! Standards are standards! Leave No Dog BehindBrady is preaching to a choir of at least one when he illustrates that people's strengths differ, and that NCLB is idiocy. He does, however, ignore the fact that schools failed to teach students to emphasize their strengths and focused instead on fixing weaknesses long before NCLB. The number of remedial classes has always exceeded the number of advanced classes. Students with no aptitude for algebra were forced to take Algebra II or another advanced math class to get a diploma. Students who can't see symbolic stars when hit with the symbolic hammer were forced to take four literature classes in order to graduate.
Let me offer a caveat here. Public education should provide students with the basics necessary to function in the contemporary world. Our increasingly fragmented society might be better served if more people shared knowledge of the same literature. Some required classes are necessary.
Even with that caveat, the students who excel at finding out what's wrong with a car engine probably should be encouraged to develop that skill. Students with a great personality but an below average intellect should be taught how use those people skills to their advantage. Both types of students probably should be allowed to skip an fourth literature class or a third science class. Instead, they should be taught how to prevent an employer from taking advantage of them. They should be taught how to make themselves so valuable as a mechanic or waitress or salesperson that no one will even think about firing them even if they are in a low level job.
Brady will probably be excoriated for comparing students for dogs. Some PC folk will probably be upset because I'm saying that some students have a better intellect than others. It's not in vogue to make such assertions. Apparently, people are all interchangeable parts that can learn everything and be proficient in everything. If that's true, Ichiro should swing for the fences tonight, and Chihuahuas should be used as seeing eye dogs.
However, the story that caught my attention is Chet Brokaw's piece on Bloomberg Businessweek. Brokaw begins, "South Dakota may not be able to use more than half of the federal aid it's due to get from a jobs bill passed Tuesday by Congress because of state rules on spending for schools, Gov. Mike Rounds said." [bold mine] (I suppose I should use a journalistic term like "lead" or "lede," but that would dignify Brokaw's paragraph as objective journalism.)
According to the Madville Times, South Dakota is 50th in state revenue spent per student on K-12 education and 48th in per pupil spending on school administration [bold in orginal]. Given those stats, it seems odd that the state would not be able to "use" the money. There are some definitions that Brokaw can use to show that he used the word properly. In this situation, however, "to use" connotes a word like "utilize." Surely the South Dakota can find ways to utilize the funds. The other connotation here is that the federal government has made it impossible to accept the money. That's not really the case either.
The reasons Rounds may not accept the money are given two paragraphs down.
But it might not take an extra $26 million in education aid because acceptance of the money could trigger an increase in local school districts' property taxes under the language of South Dakota's school funding law, the governor said. The federal money also would boost public education spending for one year but provide no way to maintain that level of spending in future years, he said.South Dakota's refusal to accept federal largess seem to have little to do with the ability to "use" the money. Rather, South Dakota will resist any efforts to raise taxes. Further, South Dakota has no plans to increase its level of K-12 funding in the future.
By the way, the Rapid City Journal quotes Governor Rounds as saying “We’d like to use the $26 million. But if it means we need to raise local property taxes to go along with it, I don’t think we’d go along with that,” he said." [bold mine] (I think I just buried the lede, but I'm not trying to be objective here.)
Tuesday, August 10, 2010
Today, I'm moving from seeing politics as a sports fan and beginning to view the situation in a more Shakespearean light: to paraphrase Mercutio, a pox on both your houses.
The Cato Institute may not be part of the pro wrestling contingent of my analogies, but they may well be MMA. I'm not a fan of Cato or MMA. One must appreciate skill, however, and this Glen Greenwald essay expertly illustrates that corporate and government power is dangerously limiting Americans' liberty.
Greenwald begins by saying something that I've long believed. Both political parties have used 9/11 to increase surveillance power.
It is unsurprising that the 9/11 attack fostered a massive expansion of America’s already sprawling Surveillance State. But what is surprising, or at least far less understandable, is that this growth shows no signs of abating even as we approach almost a full decade of emotional and temporal distance from that event. The spate of knee-jerk legislative expansions in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 trauma — the USA-PATRIOT Act — has actually been exceeded by the expansions of the last several years — first secretly and lawlessly by the Bush administration, and then legislatively and out in the open once Democrats took over control of the Congress in 2006. Simply put, there is no surveillance power too intrusive or unaccountable for our political class provided the word “terrorism” is invoked to “justify” those powers.The situation seems to be getting worse. Greenwald points out,
And yet, the more surveillance abuse and even lawbreaking is revealed, the more emphatic is Executive Branch opposition to additional safeguards and oversights, let alone to scaling back some of those powers.
Thus, even when our National Security State gets caught red-handed breaking the law or blatantly abusing its powers, the reaction is to legalize their behavior and thus further increase their domestic spying authority. Apparently, eight years of the Bush assault on basic liberties was insufficient; there are still many remaining rights in need of severe abridgment in the name of terrorism. It never moves in the other direction: toward a reeling in of those post 9/11 surveillance authorities or at least the imposition of greater checks and transparency. The Surveillance State not only grows inexorably, but so does the secrecy and unaccountability behind which it functions.Presidents have always jealously guarded their power. So have the courts and the Congress, although Congress seems to be ceding much of it constitutional authority to the executive. My bigger concern is the mix of corporate and government power. Greenwald writes,
Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of our mammoth Surveillance State is that the bulk of its actions are carried out not by shadowy government agencies, but by large private corporations which are beyond the reach of democratic accountability. At this point, perhaps it’s more accurate to view the U.S. Government and these huge industry interests as one gigantic, amalgamated, inseparable entity — with a public division and a private one. In every way that matters, the separation between government and corporations is nonexistent, especially (though not only) when it comes to the Surveillance State.I had always naively believed that government could check corporate overstretch and citizens could use the ballot to check government excess, In this situation, it seems that average citizens are being assaulted by two behemoths. Given that disturbing fact, I must share Greenwald's conclusion,
And as we acquiesce to more and more sacrifices of our privacy to the omnipotent Surveillance State, it builds the wall of secrecy behind which it operates higher and more impenetrable, which means it constantly knows more about the actions of citizens, while citizens constantly know less about it. We chirp endlessly about the Congress, the White House, the Supreme Court, the Democrats and Republicans, but this is the Real U.S. Government: a massive Surveillance State functioning in darkness, beyond elections and parties, so secret, vast and powerful that it evades the control or knowledge of any one person or even any organization.It's been easy being displaced; I could always head back to the plains and have a bit of safety and anonymity. Now, I'm not sure the plains are big enough to hide in. That fact both disconcerts and angers.
Saturday, August 7, 2010
Tom Friedenbach, a former South Dakota policy debater, has studied the threat and decided that it is much more serious than a calculation to help win a debate round. He's begun a campaign "to encourage South Dakotans to voice their support for ratification to the Honorable John Thune who currently stands in opposition to the ratification."
Tom and other intelligent, energetic young people have started SD for START. The home page has links to excellent material about START. A letter to Senator Thune is here. All you need to do is replace Tom's name with yours and forward it to Senator Thune. His contact info is here.
This site tries to stay away from politics, but I'm making an exception in this case because the ballot box won't be available in November. Senator Thune is running unopposed. The only approach left is networking and direct contact. Visit the site, put your name on the letter, and send it to Senator Thune. Finally, let Tom and the others know that you've sent the letter. Senator Thune needs to be reminded that lack of Democratic opponent doesn't mean lack of opposition to his views especially on serious issues like START.
Friday, August 6, 2010
Let's begin with the the requisite disclosures, I am a high school teacher who has been described as a "frustrated academician"; I am not a college professor nor do I portray one on television. I make purchases at Walmart and occasionally consume McDonald's fare.
On to the crux of Professor Vedder's argument; Vedder contends,
To keep costs down, both McDonald's and the University of Phoenix offer a relatively modest number of products and produce them efficiently in a highly standardized way. The traditional universities teach thousands upon thousands of courses, most of them unimportant either to learning skills or understanding and advancing Western civilization, but are taught because the employees want to teach them. They are not standardized because that would be a violation of academic freedom, allegedly.
Maybe it is time traditional universities learn something from both McDonald's and the University of Phoenix (and Bridgepoint, Kaplan Higher Education, Corinithian Colleges, etc.). Why not do what Vance Fried proposes, and offer an $8,000 or $10,000 full cost per student university, offering a limited but adequate number of courses to give a solid education and even some vocational skills, but cut out all the rest?Far be it from me to dispute the necessity of an inexpensive college education. I'm helping put two younguns through college now. I am channeling my inner Hulk at the idea that the university should emulate a big box store that increases the idea that everything must be disposable. No one goes to Walmart to buy something that ought to last a lifetime. I hope that education has such permanence. People shop at Walmart to buy inexpensive products so that the consumers will not feel guilty when they they throw away the gegaw, doodad, trinket, or widget. I shudder at the fact that an allegedly learned individual would consider education a disposable product akin to bulk paper plates. The comparison between the spiritual and intellectual nourishment from a good education and the nourishment provided by a Big Mac and fries shouldn't need any detail beyond a mere mention.
Further, "limited" and "standardized" seem to be the goal of NCLB. Once again, I'll leave it to big boy blogger Rod Dreher to explain the pernicious effects of NCLB: "intellectually capable public school students are stagnating in the era of NCLB." So high schools are now allowing smart kids to languish; soon colleges and universities will be doing the same.
Finally, the terms "limited," "standardized," and "vocational" indicate that education is not good for its own sake; instead, it must have a practical use. Based on my experience as a high school teacher, people who want education to serve at practical purpose usually seem to believe that the most practical thing in the world is training young people to make money for CEOs and other upper level management. Given that "[t]he overall CEO-to-worker pay gap is exceptionally high; S&P 500 CEOs in 2008 earned 319 times more than the average worker," I suppose the McDonald's and WalMart examples or, at least, the companies' pay structures make sense if further entrenching a class system is one's ultimate goal. Vedder was writing his modest proposal "on a boat on the Rhone River in France," sardonically observing "the life of a college professor is tough."
Ideas have consequences; the film Inception observes that ideas are "resilient parasites." I'm afraid of the side effects of Vedder's parasite will have far reaching and sickening consequences.
This blog has a daily readership that's akin to an average family: three adults representing parents and a step-parent, two and one-half children, a cat and a dog. Actually, the two cats who allow me to live in the house that they own frequently peruse entries before I post them. I'm not sure if any dogs or rodents read the blog.
If the goal is to get readers, I must be doing something wrong. In the spirit of Socrates I'll do a bit of self examination.
Problem 1: I am a lousy typist and I don't proof the drafts well enough; therefore, typos get published. As an English teacher, I lose credibility when obvious errors appear in posts.
Problem 2: I'm not really satisfied with my writing style. Some posts seem a bit terse; I also need to work to create more vibrant, active phrasing.
Problem 3: I don't post every day. I think I'm regular enough unless I'm out of town, but I should try to have a daily posting schedule.
Problem 4: I am still looking for the right niche. South Dakota educators are small target audience; South Dakota English teachers and debate coaches are an extremely small subset of that small pool. Further, I can charitably be called a non-conformist, skeptic, or maverick. Those less charitable may contend I'm a cynical cavalier iconoclast. Cherishing the role of a voice crying in the wilderness and making every effort possible to stay far from the maddening crowd doesn't help build readership. Obscure biblical and literary references probably don't help either.
Problem 5: Bloggers with larger readerships seem to nurture a sense of place. Big boy bloggers at The Front Porch Republic have "Place. Liberty. Limits." on their masthead. Bigger boy blogger Andrew Sullivan encourages place with his View From Your Window series and book. Closer to home, The Madville Times celebrates "Lake Herman, Madison, and all of the great state of South Dakota." I'm "displaced" so the local thing just doesn't work for me.
Problem 6: I may be too stubborn to care about problem 5.
Even though blogging has a large element of readership recruitment and retention, it also allows one to do what this ayjay tweet suggests: "Sometimes I write blog posts not because I have anything original or even distinctive to say, but just to find out what I think."
Herein endth today's introspection.
Tuesday, August 3, 2010
The original Washington Post article states that the FBI wants to use "national security letters . . . which can be issued by an FBI field office on its own authority, [and] require the recipient to provide the requested information and to keep the request secret." The article quotes Stewart A. Baker, a former senior Bush administration Homeland Security official, who says "the proposed change would broaden the bureau's authority. "It'll be faster and easier to get the data," said Baker, who practices national security and surveillance law"
Well let's do it then! Who can question the idea that the government should have things easier? After all isn't the problem that government is too bloated and inefficient? The most logical solution is to make it easier for government to invade privacy.
On the other hand, a wise man once told me that following the course of least resistance is what makes rivers and men crooked. James Madison, an even wiser man, asked a great question in Federalist 51: "But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature?" Madison concludes, "In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself"
Given that the legislation purpose is to make life "easier" for the government and given that looking for ease is a problem that may lead to corruption, wouldn't it be better to make it more difficult for "the greatest" and most powerful reflection of human nature to spy on its citizens?
However, if we Americans are going to forget basic folk wisdom about men and rivers and Madison's more intellectual musings, we'll probably not raise a fuss about this assault on liberty.
Sunday, August 1, 2010
Spencer begins by comparing Diane Ravitch to Severus Snape.
In education reform, [Diane Ravitch] plays the role of Snape. We need her. We need the perspective of someone who converted from a Death Eater to the Order of Phoenix and we need to believe in the concept of Phoenix. Out of the ashes of a broken system new life can grow. Perhaps even Arne can get out of the dark arts of testing-based reform. Yes, I know about her past. Yes, I realize that power is a corrupting force, but she is a reminder that even powerful people can find redemption. [Spencer, Snape: A Perspective . . , 8/1/2010]Spencer concludes,
Despite my penchant for using Harry Potter metaphors, the truth is that we don't need more magical wizards to tell us how to fix our system. We need humble muggles who realize that the real magic is often seen on a very local level, within the mind of a student. Everything else is an illusion. [Spencer, Snape: A Perspective . . , 8/1/2010]I agree totally, but I think that one of the reasons teachers are turning to Ravitch as some sort of superstar leader is the fact that few elementary and secondary teachers seem to be respected for their intellect. From that earlier post,
There is one stereotype that I wish Harry Potter would foster: the secondary school teacher as public intellectual. In Potterworld, Dumbledore is a leading public intellectual. He's taken seriously by a government ministry and has been asked to head a key department. I can't think of any teacher who would be treated like Dumbledore.One problem may be that many fictional teachers are romanticized versions of real teachers: no one can live up to Matilda's Miss Honey or The Dead Poet's Society Mr. Keating. That romanticism probably doesn't play well in the so-called real world. I have a hunch that those who make policy would listen to House before they listen to Saved by the Bell's Mr. Belding.
I'm not going to blame Hollywood, however; the fault is ours. Spencer has it right; "real magic is at the local level." As Larry Cuban points out, most people accept as absolute fact the assertion that all K-12 schools fail.
Beginning in the late 1970s, followed by the Nation at Risk report and culminating in the No Child Left Behind law, the message that all U.S. schools are failing has become accepted truth among smart, well-intentioned policy elites including foundation officials. Even though it is clear that there are many schools in the U.S. that parents clamor to have their children attend, even though foreign students come in droves to U.S. universities often considered to be the best in the world where they attend undergraduate and graduate courses with U.S. students from supposedly failing high schools, the dominant belief remains that the entire K-12 system of schooling is broken. That belief is as commonplace as “smart” phones, television, and public utilities. It is a “truth” that goes largely unquestioned. [Cuban, Billionaires' Love Affair with School Refom, 7/28/2010]Cuban goes on to illustrate that the truth is far more complicated.
Ignored is the fact that there is a three-tiered system of schooling in the U.S. (see June 20, 2010 post). The top two tiers (which over half of U.S. students attend) are considered by most parents to be either good or good enough for their children. In the third tier, however, big city and rural schools enrolling mostly poor and minority students have largely failed to educate children and youth. Surely, the three tiered system is obvious for anyone with 20/20 vision living in Chicago, New York, Los Angeles, and other metropolitan areas, particularly to parents who shop around for schools to send their children.
What is also plain to see but is seldom mentioned by policy elites and 24/7 media is the constant conflating of urban and rural failing schools with all U.S. schools. Such a mindless mistake propagates misinformation and sustains a “crisis” mentality that continually bashes teachers and undermines trust in public schools. [Cuban, Billionaires' Love Affair with School Refom, 7/28/2010]Had all teachers, and I am chief among the sinners in this regard, worked more magic at the local level, NCLB might not have been possible. To take Spencer a step further, teachers need to start local Orders of the Phoenix that don't rely on Ravitch or others to lead. To do that, we will need to lead with our reason as well as the magic of romanticism.
Thursday, July 29, 2010
In any case, I like the idea of sunset provisions for government institutions themselves. I’m not sure if this has ever been tried. But wouldn’t it have been wonderful to write in not only a sunset provision for the Patriot Act, but for the entire Department of Homeland Security?
Too often our government is a self-serving, bloated mega-institution incapable of ever cutting off any of its outgrown limbs. Making more if it temporary – or at least writing in the possibility of temporariness when constructing it – would at the very least give these big government institutions a reason to try to remain relevant.
Of course, the downside would be an even more concerted effort to self-preserve, but at least there would be a conversation going on about whether survival was in the best interests of the nation at large.
The index "compares and ranks consumer download speeds around the globe." I'm not surprised that South Korea leads the rankings, I'm not really surprised that the US is 27th. I am blown away that Moldova, Romania, Lithuania, and Latvia all have downloads speeds that are twice as fast as those in the US. In fact Latvia's average speed of 24.27 Mbps is nearly three times as fast as the US's 9.91 Mbps
Latvia? Seriously? I could understand Latveria; it's ruled by Doctor Doom who's both "a genius inventor and a sorcerer." What do the former Russian client states have?
Update: Madville Times has a new post about similar stats.
Wednesday, July 28, 2010
Tuesday, July 27, 2010
Hugh MacLeod created this artwork on the back of a business card as one of his Cube Grenaede commissions. This piece was done for David Gamel at Orpreneur. Gamel explains the zombie cow as follows:
Enter the sacred zombie cow. Sacred zombie cows are the purest manifestation of crap within an organization. These are programs, products and services that are a net negative to the company and yet are incredibly hard to kill. They no longer have a strong sponsor on the scene but still they shamble along, eating up resources.
People tend to walk around sacred zombie cows like they are just a piece of furniture, ignoring how utterly dangerous they are.
Peter Drucker, the godfather of business strategy, said that the most innovative companies are those that are ruthless about stopping things. They maniacally root out and destroy sacred zombie cows, like a Van Helsing in Dockers.Education has so many sacred zombie cows that we need Van Helsing to lead a posse of Heracles, Thor, Batman, Captain America, Wonder Woman, and She-Hulk to deal with a herd that size. Hell, we might even need a young John Wayne, a young James Arness and the whole cast of Silverado to round up the zombie doggies and send them to slaughter.
Even more frightening than cows that have returned from the dead and refuse to die again is the fact that we keep adding more of these undead hamburgers on the hoof. We want standards, but the evidence that standards work is hardly conclusive.
Further, education does a better job of organizing circular firing squads than it does of organizing an effective posse. National politicians, state and local politicians, school boards, administrators, high school teachers, junior high teachers, elementary teachers, and students of all ages can see the zombie sacred cows in other constituencies. Everyone is willing to turn others' beasts in to zombie beef, but they will get in the way of every silver bullet aimed at their own undead bovine.
MacLeod doesn't like "endless droning on about nothing, the endless tedium that is your career…," and I think he's right; therefore, I'll look at the crap in the way I teach and try to kill a few of my own zombie cows instead of worrying about things I can't control. Lord knows, I've probably got a corral full.
Monday, July 26, 2010
"We can easily envisage an owner owning a manuscript while we collectively own and know the piece of literature it contains. But in the case of the works of Kafka that are lying in those safes, we're not allowed to do that. Both the manuscripts and the literature are in the possession of the owners."I doubt that the works in question will change the way I teach the Romantics or Kafka, but I agree that it's "an outrage, that a long dead, great writer's work can be hidden away in its owner's drawer." Literature and other art should be shared.
While catching up on some blog reading, I came across this post at The Core Knowledge Blog. The post responds to a comment made by Eli Broad in an article Bill Gates' School Crusade the July 15 of Business Week. Broad claims, "We don't know anything about how to teach or reading curriculum or any of that," . . . . "But what we do know about is management and governance."
In response, Core Knowlege's Robert Pondiscio provided the following list
1. The Edsel.
3. New Coke.
4. MC Hammer.
5. The XFL.
10. Microsoft Vista
I'm willing to concede that Betamax and Polaroid may have been great products that just weren't accepted. I know nothing about Pets.com, and the Segeway may still have its day. Even with those concessions, people who know "management and governance" and who were experts produced some epic failures. The fact that business has great successes doesn't mean that business leaders are omnipotent or omniscient. In fact some of their failures are so grand that the idea of taking their advice as gospel seems to be a recipe for creating a worse disaster.
Saturday, July 17, 2010
The government does publish a survival guide for new teachers, but it's from the government, and after NCLB, I'm not sure if teachers who actually have survived the classroom helped write it. I know no one listened to actual teachers when legislators wrote and the executive branch implemented the law.
All of this got me to wondering, what does it take to survive in the classroom? What are the top ten tools or tricks or methods that allow teachers to stay on the island? Comment at your leisure. Comment early and often. Forward, link, whatever you desire. If I get enough comments, I'll collate them and post the best of the best survival tips or tools.
Friday, July 16, 2010
Ray D. Madoff, a law professor at Boston College, points out that "dynasty trusts" will help develop an "American aristocracy" because the trusts allow the rich to "provide their heirs with money and property largely free from taxes and immune to the claims of creditors. And rather than benefit only children and grandchildren, dynasty trusts provide for generations in perpetuity." [Madoff, America Builds an Aristocracy, NYT 7/9/10]
I don't have a problem with the rich leaving their money to their offspring, but these "assets can pass tax-free and creditor-proof to the next generation." More importantly,
[the] tax breaks are not the only special advantages . . .they commonly include a “spendthrift clause,” which provides that trust assets cannot be reached by a beneficiary’s creditors. If a beneficiary causes a car accident, for example, the victim cannot be compensated with assets from the trust, even if they are the driver’s only resources. So beneficiaries are free to behave as recklessly as they like, knowing that their money is forever protected for themselves and their heirs. [Madoff, America Builds an Aristocracy, NYT 7/9/10]In short, generations of spoiled brats can live on the wealth of the predecessors and behave badly, but face few, if any, financial risks. Financially, it seems, they have immunity that foreign diplomats would kill to obtain.
The US has corporations that are too big to fail, a fact that means the poor and middle class have to bail them out when they behave irresponsibly. Further, the wealthy people who don't want to pay any income taxes or estate taxes but expect the poor and middle class to pay payroll taxes on every dollar. Now, the rich want their children to remain rich without responsibility. I'm positive this situation isn't what Adam Smith endorsed.
Tuesday, July 13, 2010
Jonah Lehrer, author of the original article, reports "that mice living in an enriched environments - those spaces filled with toys, running wheels and social interactions - are less likely to get tumors, and better able to fight off the tumors if they appear." In fact, "while every mouse in the standard cages developed cancerous growths, 17 percent of the mice in the enriched enclosures showed no sign of cancer at all."
It's important to not overhype the results of this study. Nobody knows if this data has any relevance for humans. Nevertheless, it's a startling demonstration of the brain-body loop. While it's no longer too surprising to learn that chronic stress increases cardiovascular disease, or that actors who win academy awards live much longer than those who don't, there is something spooky about this new link between nice cages and reduced tumor growth. Cancer, after all, is just stupid cells run amok. It is life at its most mechanical, nothing but a genetic mistake. And yet, the presence of toys in a cage can dramatically alter the course of the disease, making it harder for cancerous cells to take root and slowing their growth once they do. A slight chemical tweak in the cortex has ripple effects throughout the flesh.
It strikes me that we need a new metaphor for the interactions of the brain and body. They aren't simply connected via some pipes and tubes. They are emulsified together, so hopelessly intertwined that everything that happens in one affects the other. Holism is the rule. [Emphasis in original]Maybe it's the experiment's use of toys; maybe it's the conclusion that "[h]olism is the rule," but this study brings to mind Aristotle's discussion of happiness. In his Rhetoric, Book I Chapter 5, Aristotle defines happiness as "prosperity combined with virtue; or as independence of life; or as the secure enjoyment of the maximum of pleasure; or as a good condition of property and body, together with the power of guarding one's property and body and making use of them." Based on that series of definitions, Aristotle concludes,
From this definition of happiness it follows that its constituent parts are: -- good birth, plenty of friends, good friends, wealth, good children, plenty of children, a happy old age, also such bodily excellences as health, beauty, strength, large stature, athletic powers, together with fame, honour, good luck, and virtue. A man cannot fail to be completely independent if he possesses these internal and these external goods; for besides these there are no others to have. (Goods of the soul and of the body are internal. Good birth, friends, money, and honour are external.) Further, we think that he should possess resources and luck, in order to make his life really secure.Lehrer's post indicates that external realities such as toys keep rats healthier; Aristotle illustrates that externals help one lead a good life. Given my talents for seeing connections where none exist, I might be reading a bit too much into this new report, but it seems as if a fulfilled life is one of the best tools a person has to stay healthy, and that many of old guys that people want to discredit as "dead white males" were right more often than they were wrong.
Sunday, July 11, 2010
I have no idea about the science of this article, and I'll stipulate it sounds like a bad Syfy channel movie. It does have footnotes, but so do most of my students' term papers. That being said, I think I'll start reading The Road this afternoon, so I have a feel about how to try to survive in a post-apocalyptic world.
Saturday, July 10, 2010
We live in a time that is closer to 2050 than the moon landing or Woodstock. I think that means Bob Dylan's The Times They Are a-Changin' is both accurate and old. I'm just old.
Wonder Woman must still have cultural cachet if Slate, Fox News, The New York Times, and The Washington Post all covering it. A review of issue #600 which features the change can be found here.
College students don't study as much as they used to. People, with or without consternation, search for answers here and here.
Americans eat 20 percent of the world's frog legs, and soon the U.S. is likely to overtake France and Belgium as the world's largest consumer of frog legs.
Thursday, July 8, 2010
Right now, Lebron is a "face," the good guy. He's setting up his turn to "heel," the bad guy by leaving his home town and announcing it on the "worldwide leader in sports." The one hour ESPN special is "cheap heat" which occurs "when a wrestler (often a heel) incites a negative crowd reaction by insulting the crowd (by insulting the city or a local sports team) or by using a news event as part of his promo."
If Lebron does in fact go to Miami to play with Chris Bosh and Dwayne Wade, he will create his own stable, "a group of wrestlers within a promotion who have a common element—friendships, either real or storyline, a common manager, or a common storyline—which puts them together as a unit."
Who says art doesn't imitate life?
What we have here is an admission that the NYT did change its own established position to accommodate the Cheneyite right. So their journalism is dictated by whatever any government says. In any dispute, their view is not: what is true? But: how can we preserve our access to the political right and not lose pro-torture readers? If you want a locus classicus for why the legacy media has collapsed, look no further. (emphasis in original)Sullivan covers the major implications of the NYT's acquiescence to the government, but I do want to add an aside about what this event says about education. In short, we've failed. Anyone who has sat through a high school English class should be able to see that the phrase "harsh interrogation techniques" is an effort to obfuscate. Anyone who has sat through a high school government class should know that American citizens need to stand up to government power and that Americans have been able to accomplish much good when they have opposed government overstretch. In short, anyone with a high school diploma should be able to see that the so-called Patriot Act is a far greater threat to liberty than the health care law.
One of the results of NCLB is that most of the recent graduates won't know what "obfuscate" means. They have had their reading list trimmed to include only works that will help them be proclaimed as proficient on their NCLB mandated tests, so they probably won't know that Orwell believed that using language to limit expression was a terrible idea. Many probably won't understand the attempted humor if I allege that Orwell thought limiting vocabulary is worse than terrible; he would think it is "double un-good."
The longer I live with NCLB and Obama's continuance of the most pernicious elements of the law, the more I'm seeing that its major effect, whether intended or not, is limiting students' thought and their ability to express ideas. I don't want to channel Glen Beck and his paranoid reading of American history, but as time passes I'm beginning to have a nagging suspicion that limiting citizens' thought and expression is NCLB's intended goal. If that's the case, then everyone needs to read and understand Orwell to read between the lines of not only government newspeak but also NewYorkTimesSpeak.
Wednesday, July 7, 2010
There’s a risk to education, and education should be worth the risk, to say nothing of the cost. It should result in better and more thoughtful citizens of given places. It should culminate in full human beings who know better than to be enamored of abstractions. If I allow that education should be driven largely by content, I hasten to add that it should also be ethical, moral, and humane. It should be conducted with respect for both the future and the past, which is to say its should be conducted with measured suspicion of and admiration for both.
Tuesday, July 6, 2010
Monday, July 5, 2010
I realize that in Matthew 5:10-12 Christ says, “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you." That being said, however, I don't see anything in this injunction that implies that Christ's followers should make it easy on those who would mock them by saying incredibly stupid things that make it easy for sites like Tea Party Jesus to make little satirical comments like this one.
I'm sure many will be offended that artistic renderings of Jesus are being used in this way. They should be offended that many of the artistic renderings are really horrendous and inaccurate. I don't think First Century Palestine featured any blond, blue-eyed Jews.
One would hope that seeing rather idiotic or vile or unchristian comments coming out Jesus' mouth would make people stop and think before they speak, but that would require me to be more optimistic than I have ever been in my life.
My natural pessimism leaves me with two options: remembering to "...work out [my] salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure" Philippians 2:12b-13. I also need to remember "For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways, declares the Lord. As the heavens are higher than the earth so are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts" Isaiah 55:8-9. The first injunction will take up most of my time. The second is just a reminder that we mere mortals are never going to be as smart as we think we are.
Sunday, June 27, 2010
Saturday, June 26, 2010
If it wasn't clear before this week, it should be clear now: success is often just plain ugly. No one is going to claim that Isner and Mahut played a great match. Granted, Isner set a record for aces, but many of those came because Mahut was too tired to move. Mahut also hit over 100 aces because Isner was too tired to effectively respond.
As for the baseball game, I've never heard a baseball fan say that walks make a game better. Few pitchers are given the opportunity to give up eight because walks usually lead to runs. Further in an age of pitch counts, walks drive up the pitch count, and few managers are going to allow their pitchers to throw 149 pitches.
The US World Cup win has been described as "maddening," and "Landon Donovan scuffed the ball into the goal." This particular example of "the beautiful game" apparently wasn't that beautiful.
Many educational reformers seem to believe that education is scientific and that there's some magic formula that can make everyone learn. The fact is that education is "maddening"; teachers scuffle through long days and long school years. Many of the successes are not caused by skill alone but by a a series of circumstances beyond teachers' control. Like Donavan's game winning goal, many successes involve luck and being in the right place at the right time.
The other point that the tennis match has illustrated is that success is often costly. Isner won the marathon match but was easily defeated in his next match. Jackson's manager is considering holding Jackson out of his next scheduled start. Likewise, education will have it's costs, even if it's only the fact that the comfortable get troubled while the troubled get comforted.
Update: Ghana defeats US 2-1 in soccer, a fact that further illustrates that success is difficult to repeat, especially if the initial effort is extremely taxing.
Tuesday, June 22, 2010
When asked what she'd tell President Obama about educational reform, she replies.
I would tell him that charter schools in the aggregate don’t get better results than regular public schools. I would tell him that his push to have teachers evaluated by student test scores is wrong, and that standards for evaluation should be designed by professionals, not by politicians. I would urge him to stop using language of failing, punishing, closing, and firing and speak instead of improving, building, supporting, and encouraging. I would urge him to think about ways of strengthening American public education because it is one of the foundational elements of our democracy. I would urge him to speak about the importance of a strong curriculum for all kids in every school, one that includes the arts, history, literature, foreign languages, civics, economics, physical education, science, and mathematics. I would urge him to recognize that high-stakes testing in basic skills steals time from everything else that should be taught and that it is thus undermining education. I would also implore him not to recommend testing every other subject, as there would soon be no time for instruction, only testing. [Emphasis mine]Ravitich begins the previous statement by saying that she would tell the President "to change course before it is too late." I fear it already is. Ravitch herself admits,
. . . . I have met with many Democratic members of Congress. I have met some really impressive members who understand how destructive the current "reform" movement is. Many agree with me that the emphasis on evaluating teachers will simply produce more teaching to the test, more narrowing the curriculum, more gaming the system. They have heard from their constituents, and they don’t like what is going on. But frankly, these same Congressmen and women tell me that they are probably helpless to stop the President’s agenda. The Democratic leadership will give the President and Secretary Duncan what they want, and they will have the support of Republicans. That leaves the Democrats in a quandary. They were not happy to see Secretary Duncan campaigning for his approach with Newt Gingrich. Maybe it will turn out to be a winning strategy for Secretary Duncan. He may get what he wants. It just won’t be good for American education or our kids. [Emphasis mine.]In short, it seems as education will be the bipartisan issue. Both sides will agree to destroy the public schools. The Republicans will do so to get revenge on the teachers unions who have supported Democrats for most of my lifetime. The Democrats will be content to throw teachers under the bus because that support has been so unwavering that teachers probably have no chance of being heard by Republicans.